Cloud technology is becoming an integral part of the daily routine for users and businesses. For all business owners and IT professionals, cloud computing exhibits remarkable progress in performance and support ability.
Maintaining data security in the cloud environment plays a vital role in the growth and safe cloud operations. Often businesses are ready to migrate into the cloud environment. However, data security concerns are the influential part that is keeping companies away from adopting cloud computing. For selecting a better cloud service provider, it’s essential to know the security standards they are offering.
Cloud security should have multiple layers, associating security tools from the cloud service providers and third-party vendors and regulations required to be followed by the employees. These security regulations ensure that employees don’t become a security risk for the company.
Cloud security consists of a defined set of rules, controls, procedures, and technologies operating in combination for the safety of your cloud-based applications and systems.
Each business consists of plenty of confidential information on the cloud, and with the increased remotely accessible working model, much more data getting stored in the cloud-based applications.
Business data becomes more prone to cyber attacks when numerous employees operating with remote access and use various business and personal devices.
Security of mobile phones data is necessary. Many businesses follow some variety of controlling and administration for corporate-supplied systems, but some limited companies only manage employees’ mobile
phones. In the Bring your own device policy, employees employ accessible cloud applications like Microsoft 365 and other applications that can increase security threats.
Hackers send emails consisting of malicious links to gather the login credentials of cloud service accounts. These emails and links look genuine that traps the employees with phishing attacks.
- Preventive Controls –
This security control helps in reducing exposure and possible security rifts in the cloud infrastructure. It includes Firewalls, encryption solutions, and safe applications usage policies.
- Detection Controls –
It helps detect the attacks in progress or the latest completed attacks to begin the automation or manual prevention. It includes controls like security information and event management solutions, anti-virus/anti-malware detection tools, and managed network security controls are some of the examples.
- Corrective Controls –
It controls the after-effects of any damage that happens. Examples of such controls are remote automated data backups, virus/malware removing tools, and managed security incident response services.
How safe is cloud computing?
The public cloud service providers like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, provide secured environments for your on-premise servers.
Cloud service providers offer colossal protection for your confidential data in the cloud but unable in securing the threat involving your login credentials and where the business data is available on the cloud platform for interactions with other systems.
Often security breach happens due to humans, not because of the low-quality cloud data security. The reasons for cloud data risk are stolen credentials, irritated employees, accidental deletions, illegal Wi-fi connections, and other staff mishaps.
Cloud Security Challenges
Here are some of the challenges of cloud security:
- Possible loss or stealing the intellectual property –
IP theft is a significant issue for most companies. The IP reflects the competitive advantage for the businesses. Therefore, its loss or theft can lead to an influential impact on the market as the other competitors will prepare the clones of the product and procedure at reasonable prices to avoid production costs.
- Compliance violations –
Most companies follow stringent compliance regulations in the industry. But, cloud computing services don’t meet strict administrations to follow. It heads to compliance violations when cloud computing concerns relevant to the compliance standards not addressed.
- Minimal visibility of cloud services –
It’s a recurring concern with SaaS solutions. PaaS and IaaS solutions usually deliver more visibility as the users can manage the configuration and management of the cloud environment.
- Lesser control of cloud environment settings –
Due to minimal visibility, most cloud computing users experience reduced control on the computing operations working on the cloud. IaaS and PaaS usually deliver more commands.
- Lateral attacks –
With the lack of robust security measures, it is easy for hackers to spread the security threat from one cloud database to multiple databases. It leads to a security breach in the multiple cloud databases.
Ways to improve cloud computing security
- Multi-factor authentication –
The older way of username and password combination is usually not enough to protect your account from cyber criminals. Stealing your login credentials is one of the practices that hackers use for getting your business data. Once your login credentials get compromised, then the hackers can access all your cloud-based applications and services.
You can ensure data safety with multi-factor authentication, as it offers accessibility to only authorized users to the confidential business data irrespective of the remote location or on-premises.
It is a pocket-friendly and efficient security control to protect your cloud applications.
- Control user accessibility –
Not every employee requires accessibility to every business application or data or every document.
You can pre-define appropriate authorization stages to ensure that only authorized or selected employees can access and operate the confidential business data.
You can also try to consult with a managed service provider to assist you with the identity and access management plan so they can take the responsibility of user access management.
- Monitoring user activities for intruders detection –
You can monitor in real-time and analyze the user activities anytime, and it will help find out any irregularities.
Any irregularity in your system can indicate a possible breach in your system, and you can try to eradicate it on a priority basis. There are plenty of SOCaaS solutions are available, with the basic automation 24/7 networking monitoring and management to advanced security measures:
- Intrusion Detection & Response
- Vulnerability Scanning & Remediation
- Endpoint Detection & Response
- Preparing off-boarding process to secure data against ex-employees –
Whenever an employee leaves your company, you should ensure that they don’t have access to your cloud storage data, client data, and other intellectual assets. It’s a critical security measure that needs to adhere to for better management of data security.
It is advisable to do an organized off-boarding procedure to ensure that every accessible authorization for your business gets revoked for the departing employee.
- Train your employees against phishing attacks –
Cyber criminals can steal your login credentials via phishing, fake websites, and social media spying. Providing training to your employees against phishing techniques can avoid the employees falling into the trap of any scam and compromising your confidential data.
- Data encryption –
Your enterprise data is available in the cloud environment. The data is accessible to anyone who can access your cloud platform. Every data should have encryption for your data protection. Data encryption helps in securing information by restricting unauthorized access to anyone.
- Data backups and disaster recovery plans –
Cloud computing offers automatic data backups and disaster recovery plans to retrieve the data and maintain business continuity.
Cloud applications have automated data backups that enables recurring and regular data backups on multiple servers. You can retrieve all your confidential business data due to any manual or natural disaster.
It is advisable to follow the tips mentioned as these tips will ensure your control on the accessibility, encrypting your data, automated backups, and recovery plans help in keeping your sensitive business data safe and secure.
You should choose cloud service providers or cloud computing applications with complete knowledge of their data security to protect your confidential data.